Every year the new environmental position of your ‘southern capital’ deteriorates considerably
July six, 1994 – try closed brand new Quality of your Finest Council of your Republic out-of Kazakhstan “On import of money of your own Republic out-of Kazakhstan.” Today, this date is technically declared as the Day’s the capital. 1996 – Best Asian, African and Eu architects keeps gathered to discuss the fresh images from general creativity package of your own new money. The new worldwide race to find the best standard development of Astana obtained the japanese designer Kisho Kurokawa. Akmola are declared because the financing out of Kazakhstan into tenth December 1997 of the President away from Kazakhstan Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev and Parliament from Republic out of Kazakhstan. The newest all over the world speech regarding Astana, as the the newest financing out of Kazakhstan, was held to your 10th Summer 1998. Within the 1999 Astana was issued towards medal and you may identity away from Town of Serenity by the UNESCO. Now the city’s territory is over 7 22 sq. km.
Because of the Presidential ed on the Astana
The original capitals on the latest, current and you will modern reputation of Kazakhstan was in fact a couple some other urban centers in once Alash-kala (1917-1920) – currentntly entitled Semey ( 1 / 2 of section of Alash-kala Area for Kazakhstan was taked removed from Kazakhstan regarding other symptoms off Russian Kingdom and you will USSR and turned progressive Kemerovskaya oblast – Kemerovo ( Kazakh area Komir kemer interpreted out of kazakh while the Hill hillside out of coal ), Altayskiy Kray – Barnaul ( Kazakh Hills out of Altai that have Kazakh town Boranaul interpreted regarding Kazakh given that town off accumulated snow-violent storm otherwise city of blizzard) and you may Altai Republic – Gorno-Altaisk.(Kazakh Slopes regarding Altai which have Kazakh area Kos-Agash or Kosh-Agash form the new woods few including curtain of one’s trees and you can exact translation on Kazakh phrase “kosh” and you will “agash” form “good-bye, this new tree”, corresponding to oriented here treeless terrain) Kazakh Tobol Area totally taked off nowadays they an enthusiastic region of contemporary Tumenskaya oblast – Tumen ( Kazakh urban area Tomen which means Down), Tobolsk (Kazakh urban area towards lake Tobyl which titled just after Tobyl-Tura Siberian Kazakh Khan) and you may Novosibirskaya oblast-Novosibirsk ( Sibir or Siberia is actually good Kazakh countries out of Siberian Kazakh Khanate), Tomskaya oblast-Tomsk ( Kazakh town Tombi
Kokand (out-of 1917-1918, afterwards Tashkent away from 1918-1924)) – currently it towns found on the region away from Uzbekistan because Oct twenty-seven, 1924 – 1925 due to the national-territorial delimitation off administrative and you may territorial change from USSR gone to live in the newest freshly-designed the latest Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic 1925 which have a money in the Samarkand (produced from the latest mutual areas of your disbandment of your own Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic, from Bukhara Soviet Socialist Republic and taked from territoies from Kazakhstan throughout the Syrdarya region of Kazakhstan Amudariya and Tashkent countyies),
Orynbor ( already named Orenburg) for the 1920 – 1925 ( later the new Kazakh territoryies have been taked removed from Kazakhstan – Kazakh Orynbor Part (already half of Orynbor Part became element of Bashkiriya-Russia’s Flexibility Republic), Orenburg , Kurgan ( is Kazakh city Korgan) and you may Chelyabinsk ( was Kazakh area Chelyabi) oblast(regions) regarding Russian Federation) ; Kazakh Bukei Region, Kazakh Nogay Horde and Astrakhan Kazakh Khanate ( already Astrakhan oblast and you will Kalmyk Autonomy Republic of Russian Federation ( Kazakh city Asterkhan-Kazhy Tarkhan ) and you will state Sary-Tau ( now named Saratovskaya oblast-Saratov), county Sary-Su( titled during the Russian Kingdom Tsaritsyn following renamed so you’re able to Volgagrad) and you will ; Kazakh urban area and you can condition Ombi from Akmola Part ( already Omsk Region of Russian Federation) ; Kazakh towns and cities and countyies Tombi and Tobyl ( currently Tomsk and you may Tobolsk),
Kazakhstan it is transferred to Kyzylorda into the 1925 escort girl Newport News. The development of the Turkish rail is the key reason for animated the administrative centre in order to Alma-Ata within the 1929. The main city is gone regarding Almaty so you’re able to Akmola getting monetary, environmental and you may geographical causes. Almaty is simply too away from the real geographical cardio of one’s country. The populace into the Almaty is practically step one.5 million without then prospects for rooms. In fact the town is quite overbuilt, densely inhabited and it has no spare areas to have innovation. Transport is additionally a problem. It’s probably one of the most polluted towns and cities during the Kazakhstan. Akmola are chosen as most readily useful solution, based on a nation-greater investigation looking at thirty two parameters and socioeconomic indicator, climate, landscaping, seismic status, surrounding, technologies and you can transport system, structure place and you can work force. Decisive benefits associated with Astana incorporated its total reputation, region, central place, proximity to significant monetary centers and you may arteries, potential to improve the inhabitants so you’re able to eight hundred,100000, steady energy offers, well-put up transport system and healthy surrounding.